March 19, the Turkish cargo ship “Lyra” knocked away a column associated with the connection under construction between mainland Russia and also the Crimean Peninsula. The before construction was checked by President Vladimir Putin day. “Arkady, come here, don’t hide. The head of state called to frame a group photo on the background of the Straits of his old friend businessman Arkady Rotenberg if anything, asking will be with you” — with these words. Their business “stroygazmontazh” (SGM), before any regards to the construction of bridges didn’t have, without competition has gotten a agreement to construct essential for the national nation crossing.
That is to be blamed for the accident, the research shall show. But an eyewitness to the collision, the captain for the Kerch ferry “Victory” Oleg Semenyuk claims that the connection supports within the right period of the accident are not highlighted. The agent of SGM stated RBC that on supports in line with the rules of illumination really should not be, however the working bridge (temporary framework serves, including for the distribution to build materials to your construction web site) during the time of the accident had been marked with alert lights and fences-buoys.
Whom and exactly how reliable builds bridges in Russia and generally are there an adequate amount of these crossings when it comes to biggest nation on the planet — the research of RBC.
Just how many Russian bridges and exactly just what condition are they in?
“We want to offer into the full feeling of transportation connectivity, the unity regarding the whole Russian territory,” Putin stated within the message to your Federal Assembly in December 2012. The President made a blunder in terminology: the trail builders have actually the style of “connectedness”, together with country that is largest on the planet because http://www.brightbrides.net/latin-brides/ of the “connectedness” there is certainly a challenge.
All roads tend to Moscow, where he hit a traffic jam on the ring road, to solve the problem only started to reconstruct the Central ring road (Central ring road in Moscow) in the report of the Institute for transport Economics and transport policy studies compares the structure of the road network in different countries: Canada, China, Germany, USA — a neat grid, transport connections established between all the States, provinces, lands, Russia — radial structure. The scheme that is current of road very nearly coincides because of the animal energy network of roadways associated with Russian Empire, jokes the Director of this Institute Mikhail Blinkin.
More difficulty as compared to road, is just A russian bridges.
Relating to Rosstat during the end of 2014 (the newest available), in Russia there have been 42 thousand of bridges and overpasses — just 200 devices a lot more than in 2000. The size of the structures in that time has exploded from 1.5 million linear foot to 2.1 million simply the amount of roadways into the exact same duration increased by 70% (mostly, but, due to the addition into the data of regional roadways, which formerly failed to make it happen). Only by 2009, the previous Minister of transport Igor Levitin has guaranteed the President to complete most of the bridges, were only available in Soviet times.
Russia lags behind when you look at the true amount of railway bridges. Regarding the Railways RZD — 30,5 thousand of bridges and overpasses having a length that is total of thousand linear meters — almost the exact same in amount and halved in total than in the roadways in Russia. In america in the railroads — 100 thousand bridges.
42 thousand bridges, or 72.5 thousand train — great deal or only a little for the nation, from the territory of which moves 2.8 million streams? Through US flows 250 thousand streams, and bridges to them — 600 thousand as well as train.
Formal data of not enough bridges cannot occur in Russia, but indirectly this could be judged by two indicators. First, the wide range of permanent crossings — summer and winter. 257 3.5 thousand summer time and wintertime crossings is an extremely indicator that is high for such a big nation (information for the finish of 2014; for contrast, in the usa, according to your 2010 census, 485 ferry terminals).
Next, concerning the not enough bridges may be judged with regards to of transport detour — the huge difference in the length between points the and B on the floor and through the atmosphere. The re-run is 70-80% against 20-25% in Western Metropolitan areas, stated the Deputy head of this specialist center Probok.net as an example, in Moscow Andrey mukhortikov. In Russia, adds Blinkin, no town having an index much better than 50%. For instance, getting through the local center of this Arkhangelsk area towards the main destinations for the region — Solovetsky Islands (or in other words, the nearest settlement regarding the land — the town of Solovki) — it is crucial to push the car for about 1.2 thousand km detour through the Republic of Karelia, because the crow flies there is certainly 240 kilometer (information for general general public service “Yandex”).
The head of the Department of industry and trade of Bashkiria Iskander Makhmudov recalls the following story: bought by the state in 2014 Japanese tomograph went to the clinic six months, during which not only changed the exchange rate, but also dried up coolant in the unit about the Russian re-run.
Every ninth connection in Russia — wood. In the last 15 years, their total size had been paid off by about 30%. Many of them in Khabarovsk Krai — 706, or higher 60% associated with total. Within the Arkhangelsk area 66% of all of the bridges are wood, in Zabaykalsky Krai — 624 bridge that is wooden nearly half, when you look at the Irkutsk area — 569, significantly more than 40%.
Nonetheless, wooden bridges aren’t so incredibly bad: in certain areas it really is inexpensive and possibly the replacement that is only of tangible bridges, which, most probably, there won’t ever be built. Where’s the absolute most bridges that are major Russia?
The share of Federal roads (entail bridges), appropriate regulatory demands, in 2015 was just a a bit more than 60%, in line with the latest information associated with the Federal road Agency. The quality of roads 123 takes place from 140 and is located between Sierra Leone and Benin as stated in the conclusions of the international ranking Global Competitiveness Report of the world economic forum, Russia.
You will find data as well as specific bridges. State just 20% of bridges in Russia into the very early 2000s, the Ministry of transport in its “concept of enhancing the condition of bridge structures” was examined as “good”. Another 18% of bridges for the reason that right time was at bad condition, the risk ended up being 1% associated with the facilities — a bit more than 400. Now the Federal state data service reports on significantly more than 500 bridges in Russia, travel upon that will be insecure, just since 2013, their quantity increased by very nearly a hundred (even though concept that is same you published to your transportation Ministry, by 2005, the “deficient” bridges in Russia must not stay after all).
The MOE since 1995, it offers recorded 26 situations of collapsing road bridges (mostly due to collisions of vehicles with bridge structures).
Just in 2016 and just in Primorye collapsed four bridges. One of those, that is regional to collapse scrawled “Obama — sucker”, has linked Vladivostok and Nakhodka.
That is in charge of Russian bridges?
As a type of ownership of category of bridges as a whole coincide with roadways — you can find bridges of Federal significance, local and municipal. Federal road Agency of transport Ministry (Rosavtodor) manages roughly 5 thousand of bridges, local or municipal authorities — 34 thousand bridges and personal owners into the Moscow area Shchelkovo town connection through Klyazma river in 2001 had been offered into the owner regarding the local marketplace for 700 thousand rubles., and from now on is with in disrepair and never operating. You can privatize former departmental bridge and make driving through it pay-as Irkutsk. Finally, you will find orphan bridges — when audited when you look at the Crimea, discovered 10% of bridges which are not sitting on someone’s stability sheet, dilapidated and abandoned. In other parts of the nation examples that are such additionally missing.
Maintenance and construction of bridges (and roadways), predominantly within the spending plans of various amounts. The budget of the Agency amounted to 530 billion instead of the previously planned RUB 574 billion rubles In 2016, the Agency’s budget reduced by 43 billion total over the two years the Agency has lost 87 billion roubles To regions of the 1.4 million km of roads, the total size of regional road funds in 2015 (latest available data) — 445 billion on the balance sheet of the Federal road Agency — 50 thousand km of roads — 4% of their total length, their content in 2015, was allocated 220 billion rubles. this cash is just 13% “regulatory needs for the upkeep and fix for the local road network”, based on the quotes of Association rador.